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Mendel research papers
of heredity on behaviour. Most of the mechanisms of heredity, however, remained a mystery until the 19th century, when genetics as a systematic science began. He had ordered 40 reprints, the whereabouts of only eight of which are known.
1900 Mendel's experiments were rediscovered independently by Dutch botanist and geneticist Hugo de Vries, German botanist and geneticist Carl Erich Correns, and Austrian botanist Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, giving rise to the modern science of genetics. Previous authorities had observed that progeny of fertile hybrids tended to revert to the originating species, and they had therefore concluded that hybridization could not be a mechanism used by nature to multiply speciesthough in exceptional cases some fertile hybrids did appear not to revert. DNA, and the ways in which it affects the chemical reactions that constitute the living processes within the cell. Bioinformatics is the computer-based discipline that deals with the analysis of such large sets of biological information, especially as it applies to genomic information. Viruses are also used as vectors (agents that carry and introduce modified genetic material into an organism) in DNA technology. Another broad area of activity is clinical genetics, which centres on advising parents of the likelihood of their children being affected by genetic disease caused by mutant genes and abnormal chromosome structure and number.
Experiments in Plant Hybridization (1865).
Read at the meetings of February 8th, and March 8th, 1865.
Gregor Mendel 's short treatise Experiments on Plant Hybrids is one of the triumphs of the human mind.
It does not simply announce the discovery of important facts by new methods of observation and experiment.